largest Deserts of the world list

largest Deserts of the world

Deserts of the world,10 largest Deserts In The World,largest Deserts of the world

Deserts are extremely dry regions. Deserts receive less than 10 inches of rainfall every year. Deserts can sizzle at a temperature of more than 131° F during daytime and freezes at night. The sand absorbs much heat during the daytime and
releases it at night.
Deserts cover at least one-fifth of the earth’s land surface.
• Antarctica is the largest cold desert in the world.
• The largest hot desert in the world is the Sahara.
• Sand is found in only about 20 percent of Earth’s deserts.
• Saguaro is a large, tree-sized cactus species native to the Sonoran Desert in the United States and Mexico.
• The largest crescentic sand dunes are found in China’s Taklamakan Desert.
• Camels are called the “ship of the desert.”
• The Atacama Desert is the driest desert on Earth.

The Syrian Desert

The Syrian Desert , largest Deserts of the world

The southern part of the desert is inhabited by several nomadic tribes and breeders of Arabian horses.

Location Southern Syria, western Iraq, northeast Jordan, and northern Saudi Arabia Covering a vast area of true desert and steppe, the Syrian Desert comprises an elevated plateau in southern Syria and eastern Jordan, and a plain that gently slopes northeast toward the Euphrates River. Daytime temperatures reach 113°F (45°C) in summer, and a hot, dry wind called the khamsin frequently sweeps across the desert from the south or southeast, blowing up duststorms.

The whole area is dissected by wadis (dry valleys). Annual rainfall is as low as 4in (100mm) in some areas.

Deserts of the world,10 largest Deserts In The World,largest Deserts of the world

Great Victoria Desert Southern Australia

DESERT PEA

Great Victoria Desert Southern Australia

Sturt’s desert pea is a plant famous for its striking blood-red, black-centered flowers. Area 150,000 sq miles (338,500 sq km) Annual rainfall 6–10 in (150–250 mm) Average highest temperature 104°F (40°C) Average lowest temperature 64°F (18°C) Much of the interior of Australia is desert, with vast expanses of red sand and bare rock, dotted with scrub and tussock grass.

The Great Victoria Desert is known for its many reptiles, including the ant eating thorny devil lizard, the powerful sand goanna, and a variety of venomous snakes.

The Gobi Desert

The Gobi Desert

BORN SURVIVOR Wildlife adapts to the Gobi Desert in remarkable ways. The long-eared hedgehog, which shelters in burrows during the day, can go without food or water for up to 10 weeks.

stretches a staggering 500,000 square miles (1.3 million square km) across Asia’s remote heartland, making it the continent’s second largest desert. Once part of the Mongol Empire, today it straddles northern China and southern Mongolia.

Most of the Gobi’s terrain is rocky, forming a pavementlike surface,which tempted merchants to cross it as part of the ancient Silk Road. Rugged valleys, chalk or gravel plains, and rocky massifs abound, but sand, for the most part, is thin on the ground. Exceptions include the massive dunes at the base of the Gobi Altai Mountains in southern Mongolia.

The waterless place Bordered by Siberia to the north and the Tibetan Plateau to the south, the Gobi lies in the shadow of the Himalayas, which block most clouds laden with life-giving rain. Indeed, the Gobi derives its name from the Mongolian word ge¯bi—the “waterless place.” Seasonal monsoons occasionally moisten its southeast corner, but the desert is mainly arid—average annual rainfall is just 4–6 in (100–150mm), although snow sweeps into the north from the Siberian Steppes. Summers are brutally hot, with temperatures soaring to 122–151°F (50–66°C) during the day; in winter, night temperatures can plummet to -36°F (-38°C). Within just 24 hours, temperatures may shift by as much as 60°F (33°C).

Arabian Desert Arabian

Arabian Desert Arabian

Peninsula Area 900,000 sq miles (2.3 million sq km) Annual rainfall 1–2 in (25–50 mm) Average highest temperature 120°F (49°C) Average lowest temperature 32°F (0°C) The hot deserts of the Arabian Peninsula contain the vast Empty Quarter—an area of dunes the size of France.

The rare Arabian oryx is among the desert’s larger animals.

Atacama Desert South America

Atacama Desert South America

Although it lies on the shores of the Pacific, this is the world’s driest hot desert. A few cacti and other plants soak up the moisture carried in from the ocean by fog. Specialized brine shrimps survive on salt flats that flood after rare rainstorms.

Also Read : Amazing Highest waterfall in india

Deserts of the world,10 largest Deserts In The World,largest Deserts of the world

Sonoran Desert Southwestern

Sonoran Desert Southwestern

United States

This is one of several neighboring deserts in the southwestern United States and Mexico.

Area 108,000 sq miles (275,000 sq km) Annual rainfall 3–10 in (75–250 mm) Average highest temperature 119°F (48°C) Average lowest temperature 32°F (0°C) .

It is famous for such as the giant saguaro cactus, although the most common plant is the strong-smelling creosote bush.

Patagonian Desert

South America Atacama Desert South America

South America Atacama Desert South America

The cold, dry highlands on the eastern flanks of the southern Andes are the home of tough desert shrubs and grasses.

These provide food for ostrichlike rheas, pygmy armadillos, and llamalike guanacos. They are preyed on by foxes, pumas, and eagles.

Area 260,000 sq miles (670,000 sq km) Annual rainfall 4–10 in (100–250 mm) Average highest temperature 55°F (13°C) Average lowest temperature 32°F (0°C).

Sahara Desert North Africa

Sahara Desert North Africa

  • The world’s largest hot desert stretches across 14 North African countries.

Sahara Desert North is Africa Area 3.5 million sq miles (9 million sq km) Annual rainfall 0.8–4 in (20–100 mm) Average highest temperature 100°F (38°C) Average lowest temperature 32°F (0°C).

It has a variety of landscapes, ranging from sand dunes to large areas of bare rock where tough spiny shrubs grow. Watery oases (small areas of fertile land) are fringed by date palms. Animals include mice, foxes, snakes, and scorpions.

Namib Desert

Southwest Africa

Namib Desert

This narrow strip of desert gets most of its moisture from fog rolling in from the Atlantic Ocean.

Moisture is gathered by long-leaved welwitschia plants, and by beetles that allow the fog to condense onto their cool bodies at night. This web footed gecko is another Namib inhabitant.

Kalahari Desert Southern

Africa

Kalahari Desert Southern

Area 275,000 sq miles (712,250 sq km) Annual rainfall 6–10 in (150–250 mm) Average highest temperature 115°F (46°C) Average lowest temperature 32°F (0°C) Although parts of the Kalahari are true desert, many areas are dry savanna with thorn scrub and acacia trees.

This is the home of the meerkat, plus larger animals such as wildebeests and flocks of flamingos that gather on floodwaters after rain.

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