how to become An ips officer after 12th

how to become a ips officer in india

To become a Class 1 police officer in India, you need to clear the IPS (Indian Police Services) exam which is held by Union public service commission (UPSC) every year. It is a very competitive exam with more than 3, 50,000 candidates taking up the examination out of which under 200 are finally selected. So be prepared to work hard if you want to get select.

Educational Eligibility:-

The candidates must a graduate from any university incorporated under an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India.

Candidates waiting for graduations final exam result can apply for prelims, but after qualifying prelims examination they need a proof which shows that they are graduates so that they can apply for mains exam.

Age Limit:-

A candidate should be between the ages of 21 years- 32 years on 1st August. They must have been not born earlier than 2nd August, 1984 and not later than 1st August, 1995.

Upper age limit:-

SC/St candidates- up to 5 years relaxation

OBC candidates- up to 3 years relaxation

Handicapped person (blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically) – up to 10years relaxation

J&K resident, Ex- Military Servicemen- up to 5 years relaxation


a citizen of India,

or a citizen of Nepal,

or a citizen of Bhutan,

or a Tibetan refugee(came to India before 1st January 1962 to be settled in India permanently)

or a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Number of Attempts and Age Limit:-

Category Age. Attempt

General. 32 6

OBC 35 9

SC/ST 37 As many as upto age limt

Physical requirement:-

Height –

Male minimum 165 cm & ST (not the SC/ OBC) – 160 cm

Female minimum 150 cm & ST (not SC/ OBC) – 145 cm

Chest –

Male Minimum 84 cm with 5cm expansion.

Female Minimum 79 cm with 5cm expansion.

Eye sight –

6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye.

6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye.

Near vision J 1 for good eye. J2 for worst eye.


The exam consists of two parts. A preliminary (prelims) exam is held as a first level. This prelims exam consists of two papers – general studies and an optional subject. It is a multiple choice question exam and is used just for selecting candidates for the next level of exam (main exam). The marks from prelims are not added while preparing the final result.

Once the candidate clears the prelims exam, they have to sit for the main exam. There is a list of subjects out of which two are compulsory and two are optional. Candidate can select any optional subject irrespective of the subject in which they hold a degree. This exam is very comprehensive and the candidate has to answer essay type questions.

Once the candidates have cleared the main exam, they are called for a personal interview round. It consists of around 45 mins interview with the board in which they try to see candidate fit for the post.

After the interview, marks from the main exam and interview are added and a final selection list is prepared which is called the merit list.

Apart from clearing the UPSC exam, it is also possible to become a IPS officer after clearing the state PSC exam. It takes 8-10 years to become SP after clearing the state level exam..

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