● Olympics games were started in 776 BC
on Mount Olympia in the honour of
Greek God, ‘Zeus’. The modern Olympic
Games were started in Athens, the
capital of Greece on 6th April, 1896 with
great efforts made by French nobleman,
Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
● The Olympic Games are organised after
every 4 years. The Olympic Flag is made
up of white silk and contains five
interwined rings as the Olympic Emblem.
● The five interlaced rings are arranged in
3-2 pattern on a white background, with
the blue ring to the extreme left, followed
by yellow, black, green and red, in the
same order. Blue for Europe, Black for
Africa, Red for Americas (North and
South America), Yellow for Asia and
Green for Oceania (Australia and New
● The official Olympic Motto is Citius,
Altius, Fortius, a Latin phrase meaning
Swifter, Higher, Stronger. 2020 summer
Olympic will be held in Tokyo, Japan.
● The first Commonwealth Games were
held in 1930 in Hamilton, Canada.
● Since 1930, the games have been
conducted every 4 years except for 1942
and 1946 due to World War II.
● The Commonwealth Games Federation
(CGF) is the organisation which is
responsible for the direction and control
of the Commonwealth Games.
● There are currently 53 members in the
Commonwealth of Nations.
● The 2018 Commonwealth Games (21st)
were held an Gold Coast, Queensland,
Australia. Most gold medals were won by
Australia. 2022 Commonwealth Games
will be held at Birmingham, England.
The Asian Games
● The Asian Games, also called the Asiad,
are a multi-sport event held every 4 years
among athletes from all over Asia.
● The games are regulated by the Olympic
Council of Asia (OCA), under the
supervision of the International Olympic
Committee (IOC). The first Asian
Games were held in 1951 in New Delhi
(India). 18th Asian Games of 2018 were
held at Jakarta (Indonesia) in which
India finished at eighth position. The
next game is scheduled to be held in
Hangzhou, China in 2022.
Cricket World Cup
● The first Cricket World Cup was
organised in England in 1975. A separate
women’s Cricket World Cup has been held
every 4 years since 1973.
1975 England West Indies beat
1979 England West Indies beat
1983 England India beat West Indies
1987 India Australia beat England
1992 Australia Pakistan beat England
1996 Pakistan Sri Lanka beat Australia
1999 England Australia beat Pakistan
2003 South Africa Australia beat India
2007 West Indies Australia beat Sri
2011 India India beat Sri Lanka
2015 Australia and
Australia beat New
2019 England England beat New
2023 India Scheduled
2007 South Africa India beat Pakistan
2009 England Pakistan beat
2010 West Indies England beat
2012 Sri Lanka West Indies beat
2014 Bangladesh Sri Lanka beat India
2016 India West Indies beat
2020 Australia Scheduled
Hockey World Cup
The first Hockey World Cup was
organised in Barcelona (Spain) in 1971.
Women’s Hockey World Cup has been
held since 1974. The 13th Men’s Hockey
World Cup held in the Netherlands
(Hague) in 2014. The 14th Men’s Hockey
World Cup was held in Bhubaneswar
India in 2018. Belgium won this
championship beating Netherlands.
Football World Cup
● The Football World Cup is organised by
FIFA (Federation of International
Football Association). The World Cup
is called ‘Jules Rimet Cup’ named after the
name of FIFA President Jules Rimet. The
first Football World Cup was organised in
Uruguay in 1930.
● In 1942 and 1946, the Football World Cup
was not played due to World War II.
● The 20th FIFA World Cup held in Brazil in
which Germany became the champion by
defeating Argentina 1-0 in the final.
● Brazil is the only nation to have
participated in every World Cup so far.
The 2018 Football World Cup was held at
Russia. France won this Championship
beating Croatia. 2022 Football World Cup
is scheduled to be held at Qatar.
● The United Nations (UN) is a world
organisation formed in 24th October,
1945. It came into existence after
World War II, when the leaders of the
world, including American President
Roosevelt and British Prime Minister
Churchill, decided to create a world
organisation that would help to ensure
● The original membership of 51 nations
has grown to 193 members. The 193rd
member being the newly created
South Sudan. The United Nations
Headquarters is in New York City. The
UN also has offices in Nairobi (Kenya),
Geneva (Switzerland) and Vienna
● The General Assembly is the main
place for discussions and policy
making in the United Nations.
● The Security Council has primary
responsibility for the maintenance of
international peace and security. The
Security Council is made up of 15
● There are five permanent members of
the Secutiry Council-China, France,
Russia, United Kingdom and USA and
10 non-permanent members elected
for 2 years terms starting on 1st
Country Term Ends
Dominican Republic 2020
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2021
South Africa 2020
● Economic and Social Council is the
principal body for coordination, policy
review, policy dialogue and
recommendations on economic, social and
environmental issues. The secretariat
comprises the Secretary-General and
other staff who carry out day-to-day work
of the U.N.
● The International Court of Justice
(ICJ), located in the Hague, Netherlands,
is the primary judicial organ of the United
Nations, established in 1945 by the United
Nations Charter, the Court began work in
1946, as the successor to the Permanent
Court of International Justice.
● Trygve Lie of Norway (1946-52) was the
first Secretary-General of the UN.
● Antonio Guterres is the new Secretary-
General of UN. He succeed Ban ki-Moon.