Geography of gujarat- lakes and rivers of gujarat {PDF}


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Narmada is considered to be the lifeline of Gujarat. Gujarat Waterways Gujarat Rivers. The largest river in Gujarat is the Narmada. 

Sabarmati the longest river in Gujarat.  The largest bridge in Gujarat is the Golden Bridge over the river Narmada near Bharuch. Its length is 1,430 meters. 

 The Sardar Sarovar Yojana established at Navagam on the river Narmada is the largest irrigation scheme in the state. Its height is 138.68 meters.

 The largest dam in the state on the river Narmada is Sardar Sarovar


(Gujarat’s largest river) 

 Origin – Amarkantak (Madhya Pradesh)

End – Khambhat Bay near 

Bharuch Length – 1,310 km. (160 km in Gujarat) 

The source of the largest river in Gujarat in terms of water volume is Amarkantak in the Vidhyanchal mountain range of Madhya Pradesh.  The ancient name of Narmada known as Michael Kanya was Reva.  Narmada is spread over three states namely Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat. I Narmada River enters Gujarat from Hanfair place, Fa Orsang river is a tributary of Narmada river on the right bank while Karjan is a tributary on the left bank. 

 The Narmada River joins the Orsang and Karjan rivers near Chandod to form the Triveli Sangam. That the worship of the river Narmada is considered to be its ritual. There are many religious places like Nareshwar, Shuklatirtha, Chandod and Karnali known for Pitru Shraddha on the banks of river Narmada. On the Narmada, near Surpaneshwar, there is a Surpan waterfall called Mokhadi Ghat. 40 km upstream from its mouth. As far as Bharuch is concerned, the tidal effect remains. Approximately 100 km. Useful for shipping up to.  It merges into the Gulf of Khambhat at a distance of 24 km from Bharuch at the end of Narmada river. The total catchment area of ​​Narmada river is 98 796 sq. Km.Which includes Madhya Pradesh 85,859 sq km in Madhya Pradesh, 11,399 in Gujarat and 1,538 sq km in Maharashtra. Narmada has created RIFT VALLEY and ravines in its path. 

 Narmada is considered to be the lifeline of Gujarat.The Sardar Sarovar Yojana is located near Navagam on this river. 

 (ii) Tapi: It originates from Betub in the hills of Mahadev in Madhya Pradesh and meets the Arabian Sea near Surat. Its total length is 720 km, its length in Gujarat is 144 km. Tapi enters Gujarat from a place called ‘Haranphal’. There are ‘Ukai’ and ‘Kakrapar’ schemes on Tapi river. The tidal effect lasts up to 45 km in the river. The river is useful for shipping up to 110 km. 

 (iii) Purna: It rises from the hills of Pimpalner and meets the Arabian Sea. Its length is 80 km. Near Navsari it is divided into two parts. 

 (iv) Ambika: It rises from the Vansada hills and meets the Arabian Sea 24 km away from Purna. Its length is 64 km.  

Aurangabad: It rises from the hills of Dharampur and meets the Arabian Sea 13 km away from Ambika. The city of Valsad is located on the banks of the river Aurangabad.

 (vi) Par: It meets the Arabian Sea 10 km south of Aurangabad. Its length is 80 km. 

(vii) Kolkata: It separates Daman from Pardi. The tidal effect lasts up to 13 km. Black fish are found in this river bed.

 (viii) Damanganga: It is located on the southern border of Gujarat. In monsoon, Ghodapur comes in it. The tidal effect lasts up to 13 km. 

 2. Rivers of Central Gujarat:

 (i) Sabarmati: It originates near Dhebar Sarovar near Udaipur and meets Khambhatna Gulf at Votha. It flows through Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, Mehsana, Gandhinagar, Aravali, Ahmedabad, Kheda and Anand districts. Its length is 321 km. It meets Khari, Watrak, Mazam, Bhogavo, Neshwo, Sukbhadar, Shedhi, Hathmati and Anghali rivers. It is believed that seven rivers converge near Votha in Ahmedabad district. In the morning in the district 

(ii)  Mahi 

Origin – Vindhya Range

 Dhar District (Madhya Pradesh) 

 End – Gulf of Khambhat Length – 585 km.  (180 km in Gujarat) 

 Mahi River originates from Anjara in Mehd Sarovar on the west side of Vindhya Parvat (Dhar District – Madhya Pradesh) in Madhya Pradesh. Mahi river flows in Charotar Bhadar is a branch of right bank of Mahi river while Anas, Panam, Mesri etc. are tributaries of left bank. Approximately 70 km from its mouth.  The tides are affected.  Hence in its lower valley region near Vahera Bay is known as Mahisagar.  I lie on it in Wanakabori and Kadana off Mahisagar district.  

Rivers of North Gujarat

(1) Banas

Origin – Aravalli Girimala 

(Sirohi District – Rajasthan) 

End- Small Desert of Karach 9 Length – 270 km, Sipri and Balaram are two tributaries of Banas river.   Banas is the longest river in North Gujarat.  The river Banas flows from Palanpur and Deesa as well as Patan in Banaskantha district.  A dam has been built near Dantiwada on the Banas river.  

(2) Rupen

Rupen river originates from Tunga mountain. It passes through Sabarkantha, Mehsana, Patan and Kutch districts, is a tributary of Pushpavati and Khari Rupen rivers. At the end of the Rupen river it merges into the small desert of Kutch.

(3) Saraswati 

 The river Saraswati originates from the Chori hill in Danta taluka. The Saraswati River flows through Banaskantha and Patan districts. The length of Saraswati river is 150 km. Is. It is absorbed in the small desert of Kutch at the end of Saraswati river. That a dam has been built near Muktakar on the Saraswati river in Banaskantha district.


Major rivers of North Gujarat include Banas, Saraswati and Rupen. Ray These rivers do not meet the sea and are absorbed in the small desert of Kutch. So these rivers are called the virgin rivers of Gujarat. 


 Ugam – ends from Mandav Dungar near Jasdan in Rajkot district – Length in the Arabian Sea near the new port – 194 km. Originating from Gujarat is the longest river flowing in Gujarat. That Karnal, Utavali, Fofal, Moj, Ozat etc. are tributaries of Bhadar. Bhadar is the largest river in Saurashtra. The Uben and Ozat rivers meet Bhadar near the new port. The cities of Jasdan, Atkot, Dhoraji, Upleta etc. are located on the banks of Bhadar. flows through Rajkot and Porbandar districts. A dam has been built at Bhadar near Nilakha in Gondal taluka. The new port at the end of the Bhadar River merges into the Arabian Sea. 


 Origin – Gir Dhedhina Dungar 9 End – In the Gulf of Khambhat near Sultanpur (Bhavnagar) Length – 173 km. – Rivers like Satali, Gagadio, Singwad meet Shetrunji.

  The Dhundi of Gir rises from the hill and meets the Gulf of Khambhat near Sultanpur. Its length is 173 km. It meets the Gagadio River. Dams have been set up near Khodiyar Mata’s station near Dhari and near Rajasthan near Palitana.  

Wadhwan Bhogavo

This river originates from a hill near Navagam in Chotila taluka and passes through Chotila, Sayla, Muli and Wadhwan and meets Nal Sarovar. Its length is 101 km. On this river ‘Raika’ near Gautamgarh and ‘Dholidhaja’ near Surendranagar are closed. 

Limbdi Bhogavo

This river originates from the hill of Bhimora in Chotila taluka. Its length is 113 km. The river is closed near Thoriyali village in Sayla taluka.


This river originates from Anandpur-Bhadla village of Chotila taluka, passes through Wankaner and Morbi city and merges in the small desert of Kutch near Malia (Miana). Its length is 103 km. 


It rises from the hill near Chotila near Dhandhuka and meets the Gulf of Khambhat near Dholera. 


This river originates from the plateau near Fulzar and meets the Gulf of Khambhat through Ghela Somnath, Gadha, Adatala, Navagam and Valabhipur. Its length is 90 km. 


 It rises from the hills of Raipur near Samdhiyala and meets the bay of Bhavnagar in the Gulf of Khambhat. Its length is 95 km. Apart from this there are small rivers named Randholi, Malan, Dhatarwadi, Raval, Machhunki, Shingwado, Hiran, Sunny, Sasoi, Nagmati, Und, Brahmani and Falf. 

Rivers of Kutch 

Khari, Bhukhi, Kankavati and Rukmavati are the main rivers of Kutch. These rivers flow south and meet the Gulf of Kutch. These rivers remain dry except in monsoons.

Nal Sarovar

Nal Sarovar is located in the lowland region connecting the small desert of Kutch and the Gulf of Khambhat. Nal Sarovar is 32 km long and 6.5 km wide. Its area is 120.82 sq km. Its depth is 5 to 8 meters. Its water is salty in the monsoon, but immediately becomes saline due to the salinity of the bottom. There are small islands in Nal Sarovar. Panwad is the largest island in it. Many species of birds come here in winter from far-flung regions of the world. Tourists come here to see and enjoy these birds. The area of ​​Nal Sarovar has been declared as a sanctuary.

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