Transportation and Trade gujarat-GK
(1) Transportation: Transportation of transport is essential for the overall development of a region. To supply raw materials to industries, to deliver finished goods to the market, to manipulate labor; Developed transportation is much needed for maintaining social, cultural and political unity, for the development of less developed regions, for the protection of borders, for the cultural and economic development of the tribal people.
(i) Roads: There are five sections of roads in Gujarat:
1. National Highways
2. State Highways
3. District Main Roads
4 District Other Roads
5. Village Roads
National Highways: In the State There are a total of 3562 km of National Highways, to which 805 km of new National Highways have been added. The Central Government has adopted the American method to facilitate the identification of National Avenue in India. Ewe has been allotted ‘Becky’ numbers from North India to South India and ‘One’ numbers from East India to West India. Important National Highways passing through the State are as follows:
The following are the main roads passing through the state:
1 Highway No. 27
Porbandar – Jetpur – Rajkot – Bambor, Bamnbor Morbi Rasamkhiyari Samakhijyari – Radhanpur Radhanpur – Palanpur Abu Road.
2 Highway No.41
Samakhiyari – Gandhidham – Mandvi – Naliya Narayan Sarovar
3 Highway No.141
4 Highway No.47
Bamanbor – Limbdi – Sarkhej – Ahmedabad – Narol Godhra – Dahod – Dor
5 Highway No.147
Sarkhej – Gandhinagar – Chiloda
6 Highway No.48
Shamlaji – Ahmedabad – Vadodara – Surat – Valsad – Manor
7 Highway No.51
Somnath – Dwarka
8 Highway No.52
Somnath – Junagadh – Jetpur
9 Highway No.13
Hazira – Surat – Bardoli – Vyara – Uchhal. -Maharashtra Border
10 Highway No.68
Radhanpur – Vav – Tharad
11 Highway No.64
Dandi Heritage Route
12. Highway No.56
Dahod – Zhalod – Banswada
The National Highways Authority of India has declared the following State Highways of Gujarat as ‘National Highways’:
(1) Bhavnagar – Mahuva – Una – Veraval.
(2) Radhanpur – Patan – Chanasma – Mehsana – Kherwa Gozaria – Sama – Churadi – Kuvadra.
(3) Bhimasar – Anjar – Bhuj – Khawda – Dharamshala.
(4) Limbdi – Surendranagar – Dhrangadhra – Kuda.
(5) Mahuva – Savarkundla – Amreli – Bagasara – Jetpur
(6) Songadh – Vani – Ahwa – People (Maharashtra).
(7) Dhoraji – Kalavad – Jamnagar State Highway: The length of these roads is 1052 km.
(ii) Railway: Beginning of Railways in Gujarat e. Q. In 1855, it landed between Ankleshwar (46.4 km). E. Q. From 1860 to 1900, railways between Vadodara-Bharuch, Vadodara-Mahemdavad, Mahemdavad-Ahmedabad, Ahmedabad-Viramgam were started. E. in Saurashtra. Q. From Bhavnagar to Wadhwan in 1880 and e. Q. In 1881, the railway line between Dhola and Jetalsar was started. Gujarat has a good development of railways. Gujarat has 1174 km broad gauge, 3381 km meter gauge and 1141 km narrow gauge railway line. Thus, there is a total of 5696 km of railway line. All the railway lines of Gujarat are included in the Western Division (WR). All the important cities of India are connected to Gujarat by rail.
(iii) Waterways: In Gujarat, waterways are more developed in the coastal region. In the waterways of rivers, only Narmada and Tapi rivers are useful as waterways up to a few km from their mouths. Apart from this, most of the rivers in Gujarat are narrow, shallow and short and are not useful as waterways as they hold water for many months. Ports: Gujarat’s 1600 km long coastline covers 30% of India’s coastline. There are a total of 40 ports along the coast of Gujarat. In this, the natural port of Kandla has been developed as a major port. Kandla has been declared a Free Trade Area by the Government of India, administered by the Port Trust. The Gujarat Maritime Board manages 11 medium and 29 small ports. All these ports are connected by rail and road.
Due to geographical ports, Gujarat’s internal and external trade has developed a lot. From Kandla, Mandvi, Navlakhi, Bedi, Okha, Porbandar, Veraval, Bhavnagar, Sikka, Salaya, Magadalla (Surat), Vadinar, Pipavav, Dahej, Jafrabad, Bharuch, Jakhau, Mundra, Mahuva, Talaja, Bilimora and Valsad ports – Are exported.
(iv) By Air: Gujarat has 17 airports, 11 airfields and 203 helipads, yet Gujarat lags behind other states in India in terms of local air connectivity. The Government of Gujarat is about to launch ‘Inter State and Connectivity’ in Gujarat. In Gujarat, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Airport in Ahmedabad has been accorded the status of International Airport since January 26, 1991. Ahmedabad International Airport is directly connected to London, New York, New Jersey, Chicago, Muscat, Kuwait and Sharjah. Apart from this, Gujarat has domestic airports at Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Deesa, Bhavnagar, Kandla, Porbandar, Rajkot, Keshod, Bhuj, Naliya, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Mandvi, Amreli, Diu and Daman. There are private airports of Tata Chemicals Company in Mithapur (Devbhoomi Dwarka district) and Adani Port Company in Mundra (Kutch district). Most of the major cities of the country are connected to Ahmedabad Airport. An ‘airport’ is a place where there is a surface runway for landing and taking off of a civil aircraft, an aircraft maintenance facility and a passenger facility. ‘Airfield’ means only a surface runway for landing and taking and a building facility. There are 11 unused airfields in Gujarat.
There are 208 halides capable of landing small planes and helicopters in 26 districts of Gujarat. Ahmedabad: 9. Amreli: 5, Anand: 10, Kutch: 5, Kheda: 15, Gandhinagar: 2, Jamnagar: 9, Junagadh: 13, Dang: 3, Dahod: 8, Narmada: 5. Navsari: 8, Panchmahal: 19. Patan: 4. Porbandar: 1, Banaskantha: 8, Bharuch: 13, Bhavnagar: 10, Mehsana: 6, Rajkot: 10, Vadodara: 10, Valsad: 8, Sabarkantha: 12, Surat: 4, Surendranagar: 7 and There are 4 helipads in Damane and Diu.
The state government will set up small airports in Ankleshwar, Mandvi, Mundra, Ambaji and Dwarka. The airport in Ankleshwar, Asia’s largest industrial estate, will be built by the state government’s ‘Civil Aviation Department’ at a cost of about Rs 20,000 crore and leased to the local industries association.