Gujarat Land- general knowledge { GK }


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Gujarat Land – general knowledge

Land is the most important factor in the development of agriculture in any region. Land also plays an important role in social and economic development. The contribution of agriculture and agricultural products is important in the progress of Gujarat. The development of agriculture depends on the type of soil and its fertility. Considering the origin, color, fertility, etc., the land of Gujarat is divided into five sections as follows.

1) Silt land: More than fifty percent of Gujarat has silt land. Cop land is divided into two parts considering the proportion of silt, sand and clay?  The alluvial land of Anand and Kheda districts is known as Besar land. Knowledge SU Gujarat’s land property 2 Saura but Jami Tito. Capo 1. 5iucl llat (Alluvial Soil) 8 More than 50% of Gujarat is covered with alluvial soils. There are two subtypes.  Is the river silt land or is the ground floor of this land special in the plains of Gujarat? It is called by different names depending on the proportion of soil and silt. E.g. Goradu, Gorat, Bhatha lands, Besar lands.  These lands are old silt, so the fertility is a little less here. Phosphoric acid is high here and lime is low here. Bhatha lands are 3 New silt lands of rivers are referred to as Bhatha lands. Soils are considered to be very fertile. 3 Low levels of nitrogen and phosphoric acid. 2 Bhatha land is suitable for cultivation of wheat, vegetables, watermelon, saccharate) 25 – Viru show ‘is suitable. Which are deployed in the plains of 

Loamy land or sandy alluvial land in the regions of North and Central Gujarat is known locally as loamy land. These soils have low soil content and high sand content, low nitrogen and lime content, high phosphorus medium potash. This land is located in the region between Mahi and Saraswati rivers (Kheda, Anand, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Patan, Mehsana, Aravalli, Sabarkantha and some areas of Banaskantha). 

 (1) River silands: These lands include Gorat, Goradu, Bhathani and Besar lands. There is ‘gorat land’ in Jebusar taluka of Bharuch district, in the region between Sabarmati and Mahi rivers in Kheda district, in Dabhoi and adjoining region of Vadodara district and in some areas of Surat district. In the flood plain of Sabarmati and in the island region of the rivers, there is a ‘Bhatha land’ formed by the deposition of silt. It is suitable for planting wheat, vegetables, saccharate and watermelon. The sandy silt lands of North Gujarat and Central Gujarat are known as ‘Goradu lands’. This type of land is in Vadodara, Anand, Kheda, Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Sabarkantha, Mehsana, Patan, Banaskantha districts. This land is suitable for cultivation of wheat and paddy. The most fertile region of Central Gujarat is known as ‘Gardens of Gujarat’. The alluvial land of Kheda district is known as ‘Besar land’. This land is excellent for tobacco cultivation. 

 (ii) Sedimentary land of coastal and Muktrikon Pradesh: This land situated in the coastal area of ​​Kutch district is affected by semi-arid climate. There is such land in the coastal region of South Saurashtra, Bharuch, Surat, Navsari and Valsad districts. The land is covered with salt and gypsum crust. Hence this land is not useful for agriculture.

 (2) Black soil: This soil is black in color. Its color varies depending on the elements it contains. Panchmahal, Dahod, Mahisagar, Aravali, Chhota Udepur, Sabarkantha and Vadodara districts and Saurashtra have medium black soil. These soils are low in limestone and nitrogen. Paddy, groundnut and cotton are grown in such lands. Vadodara, Bharuch, Surat, Navsari and Valsad districts have dark black soil. This land is excellent for cotton cultivation. This type of land is in the cotton region of Kanam in Gujarat. 

 (3) Sandy soils: These soils are located in areas with less than 25 ° C rainfall. In the northwestern part of Banaskantha district, in the northern and western part of Patan and Mehsana districts, Sabarkantha, This type of land is in the south-western part of Gujarat Aravali and Mahisagar districts and in Kutch district. This land is not suitable for agriculture, agriculture can be done if irrigation is facilitated.

 (4) Due to local soil erosion and erosion, ‘fallow land’ is formed. This type of land is in the hilly area of ​​Barda in Saurashtra. Depending on the topography, constitution and color, this land is known locally as ‘edge land’, ‘edge land’, ‘carry land’ etc. In the lowlands of Saurashtra and in the southern part of Junagadh district, there is ‘Chhedni land’. Paddy and fruits are cultivated in this land. There is ‘edge land’ in some areas of Girsomnath, Amreli, Rajkot and Junagadh districts. Peanuts abound in this land. Kheda, Anand, Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar and Mehsana districts have ‘Kyari land’. Paddy is cultivated in this land. 

 (5) Alkaline soils: Coastal soils are degraded due to flooding. Dry climate also plays an important role in salinity. There is ‘Khar Zamin’ in Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Anand, Gandhinagar, Kheda, Bharuch, Surat, Navsari, Valsad, Banaskantha etc. districts and in Bhalkantha and Nalkantha region and in Bhavnagar, Botad, Surendranagar, Morbi, Devbhoomi Dwarka, Rajkot, Jamnagar and Kutch districts of Saurashtra. . Attempts are being made by the Gujarat government to rehabilitate saline land and make it suitable for agriculture. 

 (6). Laterite soil Fee There is no fallow land like the equatorial regions in any part of Gujarat. But in Dang district 250 cm. Acidic soils with low levels of lime and nitrogen are subject to high rainfall and dense forest conditions. The ground is brick-like in color. Less useful for farming. 

1. Local Land 

Some areas of the lands described above are known by different names in local regions depending on the topography, constitution and color. As this land is fertile, paddy and fruits are cultivated. Edge land Amreli, Rajkot, Junagadh, Gir – In the plains near the hilly region of Somnath, there is fertile land suitable for cultivation in some areas. Peanuts are cultivated here. – Kyari land  There is alluvial silt land in Kheda, Mehsana, Anand district. Paddy is well cultivated here..

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