Located in New York City, the United Nations (U.N.) has 193 member countries. It was established in 1945 in an effort to avert a repeat of World War II. 1
As stated in the United Nations’ founding charter, the organization is meant to accomplish four major goals. It’s a full-time job in and of itself to sustain international peace. Those other three missions of the U.N. contribute to the overall objective. It promotes international cooperation and human rights, solves international issues, and harmonizes the actions of its members.
What Makes the United Nations Work?
The United Nations consists of the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, and the International Court of Justice.
It is made up of delegates from every member state. The board and councils under it are guided by the mandates established by the board. The General Assembly conference, which takes place in September each year, provides an opportunity for world leaders to interact and build working connections.
Most powerful UN unit: Security Council. Its mission is to maintain peace. China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States are the five permanent members. Ten non-permanent members of the General Assembly are elected every two years.
All United Nations members must abide by Security Council decisions, and the Council dispatches peacekeepers as necessary. Countries that refuse to comply with the Council’s demands can face economic sanctions or an arms embargo, and the Council’s members are authorized to use military force if necessary.
Economic and Social Council performs analyses, agrees on global norms, and promotes for advancement in areas such as sustainable development, humanitarian assistance, and financial growth. Whenever necessary, it establishes alliances and oversees cooperative United Nations action to deal with connected problems.
The United Nations
If you think the United Nations is a government, you’re wrong. Instead, it employs the power of persuasion in order to get its point across. With the help of U.N. committees, the organization’s policies are strengthened through multilateral agreements. Together, they form an international legal system.
U.N.-specific programs are funded by all governments that pay to the U.N. budget.
Because every member of the United Nations has one vote, the choices made by the General Assembly represent the views and goals of the vast majority of its members. In this way, countries that do not adhere to the agreement are aware of their status as outliers.