United Arab Emirates geography [UAE]


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United Arab Emirates

Area 32,000 sq miles(82,880 sq km)

Population 7.9 million

Capital Abu Dhabi

Currency UAE dirham

Official language Arabic Life

expectancy 79 years

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven states—Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al Qaiwain—formed in 1971. Wealth from UAE’s gas and oil exports have transformed it into a modern and well-developed country. Many foreign nationals come to UAE to work.


lies on the southern coast of the Persian Gulf. Three-quarters of this Islamic country is sandy desert, with a hot, dry climate all year round. Only a tiny proportion of the land is suitable for farming and most food has to be imported. Oil was discovered in 1958 and has turned the UAE into one of the world’s most prosperous countries, with a high standard of living for most people. There are many huge oil refineries along the coast.


The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven small states, or emirates, each ruled by an emir, or sheik. The emirs have absolute power over their own states, but they also meet regularly to make decisions affecting the whole federation. Abu Dhabi is the largest of the emirates and its capital is also that of the UAE.TOURISM The UAE has a growing tourist industry. Some 2.5 million people arrive each year, mainly from Europe and Japan. Most visit in winter when it is warm, but not too hot. Attractions include luxury hotels and duty-free shops, traditional markets, fine beaches, and trips into the desert.


The two most important festivals of the Islamic year are Id al-Fitr and Id al-Adha. Id al-Fitr literally means “the breaking of the fast.” It celebrates the end of the holy month of Ramadan, during which Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk. Id al-Adha is the festival of sacrifice. Prayers are followed by the sacrifice of a sheep, cow, or camel.

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reserves now stand at 97.8 billion barrels of oil and 212.1 trillion cubic ft (6 trillion cubic m) of natural gas, accounting for 12 percent of the world’s total, with a crude oil production’s daily aver-age of 1,900,300 barrels. On the worldwide stage,these figures rank the UAE in fifth place in terms of size of its oil reserves and fourth with respect to its natural gas reserves.

Abu Dhabi has 94.3 percent of the UAE’s total re-serves; Dubai is focusing especially on development of trade, tourism, finance, and communications; Sharjah continues to focus on textiles and light industries;while other Northern Emirates have continued their in-vestments in agriculture, ceramics, cement, and mar-itime industries.A plan for Dubai’s tourism expansion is based on 10 million people visiting Dubai as tourists by 2010,while passengers transiting by that stage is expected to exceed 30 million (70 million in 2020). Projects such as Dubai Internet City, D. Media City, and Techno Park will be joined by a financial “free zone.” Dubai intends to construct the tallest tower in the world, exotic is-lands in the sea, a skier’s paradise in the desert, and a hotel underwater. The UAE is one of the world’s top breeding centers for Arabian horses.

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